Dubs Agreement Uk

Dub Agreement UK: Everything You Need to Know

The Dublin Regulation, also known as the Dubs agreement, is a European Union law that sets out the regulations for handling asylum applications submitted by individuals who have entered the EU through one of its member states. The agreement was first introduced in 1997, and the UK opted into it in 2003.

What is the Dubs Agreement?

The Dubs agreement, also called the Dublin III Regulation, is a law that establishes the EU country responsible for evaluating and processing asylum applications. This agreement was named after Lord Alf Dubs, a former British Labour Party Member of Parliament and a refugee himself. Lord Dubs has been a vocal advocate for the rights of refugees and played an instrumental role in advocating for the agreement`s introduction.

Under the Dubs agreement, asylum seekers who come to the EU are required to apply for international protection in the first EU country they enter. The law allows for member states to return asylum seekers to the first country of entry if they do not meet certain criteria, such as having a spouse or family member residing in another EU member state.

How Does the Dubs Agreement Affect the UK?

As a member of the EU, the UK was required to follow the Dublin Regulation. However, after the UK voted to leave the EU in 2016, it negotiated a withdrawal agreement that included the continuation of the Dubs agreement until the end of the transition period, which ended on December 31, 2020.

During the transition period, the UK was able to continue to apply the Dublin Regulation, including the Dubs agreement, to asylum seekers arriving in the country. However, after the transition period ended, the UK was no longer part of the agreement, and it is unclear how the country will handle asylum applications.

What Does the Future Hold for the Dubs Agreement?

The future of the Dubs agreement is uncertain. As the UK has left the EU, it is no longer bound by the Dublin Regulation. However, the government has indicated that it will continue to provide protection to those who are seeking refuge in the UK.

In 2020, the UK government announced a new refugee resettlement scheme that aimed to resettle up to 5,000 refugees in the country every year. While this scheme is separate from the Dubs agreement, it shows that the UK is committed to providing protection to those who need it.


The Dubs agreement has played a vital role in helping asylum seekers in the EU, including the UK, receive protection and support. Although the UK is no longer part of the agreement, the government has indicated that it will continue to provide protection to those who are seeking refuge in the country. As the situation evolves, it will be important to keep an eye on how the UK will handle asylum applications while also ensuring that it lives up to its obligations to help those in need.